Psychological Problems in Old Age
Psychological Problems in Old Age
Psychological and overall well-being are just as important in old age as they are in other periods. Therefore, if symptoms of psychological illness occur among more senior members of one's family, one should contact a primary care physician or psychiatrist as soon as possible. Probable psychological condition and proper medical care should be taken before the disease becomes severe. The following is a list of causes and effects of psychological illness in old age. I hope you enjoy reading this article.
Causes of psychological illness in old age
** With age, the overall capacity of human beings tends to decrease; Hair becomes tangled, teeth fall out, skin folds, bones decay, fertility is reduced or reduced.
** Retires from a career in old age. Children grow up, create their world, often move away to earn a living or get busy, etc. As they grow older for various reasons, self-confidence decreases, feelings of loneliness create suffocating conditions.
** From middle age, people open the account book of life, what they got and what they didn't get - all these things make them restless and create mental stress.
** With age, people's immunity decreases, various types of long-term physical diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease and bone loss, etc. occur. Since the mind and body are inextricably linked, if one is terrible, the other is bad; for example, depression is higher in people with heart disease than in physically healthy people. Again, for those who have heart disease and depression, if they do not take treatment for depression, the consequences of heart disease will be worse.
** Rapid urbanization, geographical change, industrialization, break up of joint family to form single-family etc., are a threat to the mental health of the elderly.
** Geriatric psychiatric disorders include depression, anxiety disorders, dementia, late-onset schizophrenia, bipolar mood disorder, and sleep disorders.
Warning signs of psychological illness in old age
** Suffers from constant frustration and depression.
** Not feeling positive emotions.
** Excessive sleep or insomnia.
** Suicidal thoughts.
** Significant changes in appetite, energy levels and mood.
** Problems with attention and restless push.
** Excessive stress or anxiety.
** Short-term - recent memory loss or loss
** Increased anger, agitation or aggression.
** Propensity to commit or commit criminal acts.
** Unusual behavior or thinking.
** Persistent digestive problems, body aches or headaches cannot be proved/explained due to specific physical ailments.
What to do to ensure the mental health of the elderly
** Provide quality training to health workers and physicians for the care of the elderly.
** To take necessary steps for the management and prevention of long term mental and physical diseases, drug addiction etc., due to age.
** Build age-friendly services and service providers.
** Ensuring the freedom and security of the elderly.
** Early detection and treatment of mental and physical ailments are essential.
** Psychological support, counselling and medication should be provided.
** Since no cure for dementia has been discovered, steps must be taken to improve the quality of life of dementia patients and their caregivers.
** To take various programs to stop the torture of the elderly.
** To undertake multiple developmental activities in the community.
** Take advantage of existing healthcare.
About 15 per cent of people over the age of 60 suffer from some form of mental illness. Among the causes of senior disability, 6.6 per cent are due to psychological and neurological reasons.
The number of people over the age of 60 will double between 2015-50. The elderly need to be determined to take care of their psychological health.